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Everything posted by dvernb

  1. Desperate women waited anxiously
  2. River Deep, Mountain High - Ike & Tina Turner
  3. Hello Big Data, Welcome to Merlin Warez! Sit back & relax! Enjoy!
  4. After weeks of geopolitical squabbling, a major moment in the war in Ukraine has arrived: Germany has announced it will provide Leopard 2 tanks to Kyiv’s troops. German Chancellor Olaf Scholz announced the move on Wednesday, bowing to intensifying international pressure – led by the United States, Poland and a bloc of other European nations, which called on Berlin to step up its military support and commit to sending their sought-after vehicles. The announcement was matched by the US. On Wednesday, President Joe Biden said that he was providing 31 M1 Abrams tanks to Ukraine, reversing the administration’s longstanding resistance to requests from Kyiv for the highly sophisticated but maintenance-heavy vehicles. And the influx of Western tanks into the conflict has the potential to change the shape of the war. The shipments are a breakthrough in the West’s military support for Kyiv, signalling a bullish view around the world about Ukraine’s ability to reclaim occupied territory. Crucially, they may allow Ukraine to take the fighting to Moscow’s forces and re-capture more occupied land, rather than focusing primarily on beating back Russian attacks. Here’s what you need to know about Wednesday’s developments and how they affect the war. What has been announced? Scholz said in the German parliament on Wednesday that his government will send 14 Leopard tanks to Ukraine, wrapping up months of deliberation and several days of tense negotiations with NATO partners. “This is the result of intensive consultations that took place with Germany’s closest European and international partners,” a government statement said. The German army has 320 Leopard 2 tanks in its possession but does not reveal how many would be battle ready, a spokeswoman for the Ministry of Defense previously told CNN. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky’s chief of staff welcomed the news that Germany will send his country Leopard 2 combat tanks and reiterated they needed “a lot” of them. “The first tank step has been taken. Next up is the ‘tank coalition’. We need a lot of Leopards,” Andriy Yermak said on Telegram. %7B © Provided by CNN Several European armies use Leopard 2 tanks. - Armin Weigel/picture-alliance/dpa/AP When will Ukraine be able to use them? The goal is to “quickly assemble” two battalions with Leopard 2 tanks, the German government’s statement said. “The training of the Ukrainian crews is to begin quickly in Germany. In addition to training, the package will also include logistics, ammunition and maintenance of the systems.” German Defense Minister Boris Pistorius said the Leopard tanks could be operational in Ukraine in about three months. The plan for incorporating Abrams tanks will likely be more complicated; not only do they need to cross the Atlantic Ocean first, but their systems are considered more complex. “The Abrams tank is a very complicated piece of equipment. It’s expensive. It’s hard to train on. It has a jet engine,” Colin Kahl, the Pentagon’s under secretary of defense for policy, told Reuters last week. “I just don’t think we’re there yet,” Kahl said at the time on giving the tanks to Ukraine, a sign of how quickly the US position has evolved during the past days of negotiations. The ability to get Ukrainians into Leopards quickly was always seen as an advantage of sending that type of tank, over the more cumbersome Abrams. Abrams are also “considerably heavier” than most iterations of the Leopard, “so you need to give Ukraine additional engineering and recovery equipment,” Gustav C. Gressel, a senior policy fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR), told CNN. Why are Leopard 2 tanks needed? Wednesday’s announcement means Ukraine will soon be in possession of a modern tank that would hugely boost their arsenal ahead of renewed ground fighting anticipated in the spring. Ukraine is bracing for a Russian offensive in the coming weeks, aimed at completing the capture of the Luhansk and Donetsk regions – the primary goal set by President Vladimir Putin for what he euphemistically calls his “special military operation.” The Ukrainian military’s most senior officer, Gen. Valerii Zaluzhniy, said in December that Ukraine expected a Russian offensive any time between the end of January and March. Previous military aid, like the American HIMARS rocket system, has been vital in helping Ukraine disrupt Russian advances and make a series of successful counter-offensives in recent months. Kyiv will hope that Western tanks will have a similar impact on the slow, grinding ground war in Ukraine’s east. Tanks represent the most powerful direct offensive weapon provided to Ukraine so far, a heavily armed and armored system designed to meet the enemy head on instead of firing from a distance. If used properly with the necessary training, they could allow Ukraine to retake territory against Russian forces that have had time to dig defensive lines. The US has begun supplying refurbished Soviet-era T-72 tanks, but modern western tanks are a generation ahead in terms of their ability to target enemy positions. Ukrainian officials say they need several hundred main battle tanks – not only to defend their present positions but also to take the fight to the enemy in the coming months. “Of course, we need a large number of Western tanks. They are much better than the Soviet models and can help us advance,” Lt. Gen. Serhiy Naiev told CNN. How many tanks will be sent? Germany said it will send 14 tanks to Ukraine “as a first step,” and aims to get them into the hands of troops quickly. Crucially, Berlin’s announcement will likely also encourage other European nations who own Leopards to re-export some of their vehicles. Typically this would require Germany’s approval, and some countries had shown hesitance in sending tanks unless a coalition of nations doing the same could be formed. “I call on all new partners that have Leopard 2 tanks in service to join the coalition and provide as many of them as possible,” Ukraine’s Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba said. “They are free now.” Several armies use Leopards. In total, there are around 2,000 Leopard 2 vehicles spread across Europe, at different levels of readiness. And many of those had already expressed their desire to ship some of theirs to Ukraine, with Poland attempting to rally support on the continent in case Germany declined to send theirs. Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte told CNN affiliate RTL News on Wednesday that his government would “seriously consider” purchasing the 18 Leopard 2 tanks it leases from Germany and sending them to Ukraine. The Netherlands doesn’t own any of the tanks. Spain has also said it is willing to send tanks in coordination with allies, according to Spanish news agency EFE, while Norway is reportedly considering a contribution. “Germany will give the partner countries that want to quickly deliver Leopard 2 tanks from their stocks to Ukraine the corresponding authorizations to transfer them,” Scholz’s government said Wednesday. Leopards are not the only modern tanks on their way to Ukraine. Germany’s decision on Wednesday sees it join a growing movement among NATO powers to equip Kyiv with vehicles. Plans being finalized in the US will see around 30 Abrams tanks sent across the Atlantic. Earlier this year, the UK committed 12 Challenger 2 tanks. What took Germany so long? Germany’s decision followed weeks of Western pressure, ending a period of deliberation in Berlin that has frustrated its allies and caused exasperation in Kyiv. German officials wrapped a NATO summit last Friday with no agreement to send tanks. Instead, officials lobbied for a similar commitment from the US before it would be drawn. Berlin subsequently said it wouldn’t stand in the way of other countries re-exporting their Leopards, but was tight-lipped on its own stance. Sending tanks into Ukraine was once a red line for Western leaders, who had been generally willing to provide Kyiv with defensive weapons to repel the Russian threat but had shown reluctance to introduce systems which could put Ukrainian forces on the front foot. The concern early in the war in some corners of NATO was that overstepping in military support would run the risk of escalating the conflict, and possibly even introduce the threat of nuclear attacks. Nearly one year into the war, however, that calculus has changed – in no small part thanks to Ukraine’s successful counter-offensives toward the end of 2022, and its ability to incorporate new and complex Western weapons systems into its units. Germany was slower than some of its allies in forcing this change in approach, with new defense minister Pistorius repeatedly calling for more time this week in the face of global pressure, and insisting that sending tanks would come with pros and cons for Berlin. But Piotr Muller, the spokesman of the Polish government, said Wednesday that “undoubtedly, this diplomatic pressure is changing the German approach, and not only in the case of these tanks.” How has Russia responded? Russia reacted angrily to the initial reports that Germany and the US would send tanks to Ukraine, in much the same way it responded to the UK’s earlier decision to send tanks. Kremlin officials have also sought to cast the sending of tanks as an act of aggression against Russia, fueling their bogus narrative that their so-called military operation is required to defend Russian interests rather than to capture Ukraine. Russian ambassador to Germany Sergei Nechaev said in a statement Wednesday that Berlin’s decision was “extremely dangerous” and takes the conflict “to a new level of confrontation.” US and European donations of tanks to the Ukrainian war effort will bring “more suffering” to the country and “bring more tension to the continent,” Kremlin spokesperson Dmitry Peskov told CNN Wednesday. If US-made Abrams tanks are delivered to Ukraine, they will “burn down just like all the others,” and their cost will be a burden for European taxpayers, Peskov said. But NATO allies supported Germany’s move and have repeatedly resisted Russia’s pretext for its war. “The right decision by NATO Allies and friends to send main battle tanks to Ukraine. Alongside Challenger 2s, they will strengthen Ukraine’s defensive firepower,” British Prime Minster Rishi Sunak wrote on Twitter on Wednesday. “Together, we are accelerating our efforts to ensure Ukraine wins this war and secures a lasting peace.” “If we want Ukraine to be able to retake territory, we need to give them more armor, more heavy and modern weapons,” NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg told CNN on Wednesday. “We need that to assure that President Putin doesn’t win this war,” he added. “Ukraine has the right to self-defense. We have the right to support them in upholding in that right.” https://www.msn.com/en-ca/news/world/germanys-decision-to-send-tanks-to-ukraine-is-a-major-moment-in-the-war-heres-how-it-will-change-the-conflict/ar-AA16JhiR?li=AAggNb9
  5. Hands On The Wheel - Norah Jones
  6. I'm not sure what you're doing Kath. The </> button is used when adding your own link. The procedure I posted is for removing live links that are already embedded in a document you've copied from somewhere else and pasted here. I'm talking about live links embedded in text that is usually bold & sometimes underlined that you can click on. I gave a method for removing the embedded links.
  7. Once the stuff of science fiction, lab-grown meat could become reality in some restaurants in the United States as early as this year. Executives at cultivated meat companies are optimistic that meat grown in massive steel vats could be on the menu within months after one company won the go-ahead from a key regulator. In a show of confidence, some of them have signed up high-end chefs like Argentine Francis Mallmann and Spaniard José Andrés to eventually showcase the meats in their high-end eateries. But to reach its ultimate destination - supermarket shelves - cultivated meat faces big obstacles, five executives told Reuters. Companies must attract more funding to increase production, which would enable them to offer their beef steaks and chicken breasts at a more affordable price. Along the way, they must overcome a reluctance among some consumers to even try lab-grown meat. Cultivated meat is derived from a small sample of cells collected from livestock, which is then fed nutrients, grown in enormous steel vessels called bioreactors, and processed into something that looks and tastes like a real cut of meat. Just one country, Singapore, has so far approved the product for retail sale. But the United States is poised to follow. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) said in November that a cultivated meat product - a chicken breast grown by California-based UPSIDE Foods - was safe for human consumption. UPSIDE is now hoping to bring its product to restaurants as soon as 2023 and to grocery stores by 2028, its executives told Reuters. UPSIDE still needs to be inspected by the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service and get sign-off from the agency on its labels. A USDA FSIS spokesperson declined to comment on its inspection timeline. `SLAUGHTERLESS HOUSE` At UPSIDE's facility in Emeryville, California, lab coat-clad workers were seen poring over touch screens and monitoring giant vats of water mixed with nutrients during a recent Reuters visit. Meat is harvested and processed in a room that chief executive officer Uma Valeti calls the "slaughterless house," where it is inspected and tested. Reuters reporters were served a sample of UPSIDE's chicken during the visit. It tasted just like conventional chicken when cooked, though was somewhat thinner and had a more uniform tan color when raw. UPSIDE worked with the FDA for four years before receiving the agency's green light in November, Valeti told Reuters. "It’s a watershed moment for the industry," he said. California-based cultivated meat company GOOD Meat already has an application pending with the FDA, which has not been previously reported. Two other companies, Netherlands-based Mosa Meat and Israel-based Believer Meats, said they are in discussions with the agency, company executives told Reuters. The FDA declined to provide details of pending cultivated meat applications but confirmed it is talking to multiple companies. Regulatory approval is just the first hurdle for making cultivated meat accessible to a broad swath of consumers, executives at UPSIDE, Mosa Meat, Believer Meats, and GOOD Meat told Reuters. The biggest challenge companies face is growing the nascent supply chain for the nutrient mix to feed cells and for the massive bioreactors required to produce large quantities of cultivated meat, executives said. For now, production is limited. UPSIDE’s facility has the capacity to churn out 400,000 pounds of cultivated meat per year – a small fraction of the 106 billion pounds of conventional meat and poultry produced in the United States in 2021, according to the North American Meat Institute, a meat industry lobby group. If the companies cannot get the funds needed to scale up production, their product may never reach a price point where it can compete with conventional meat, said GOOD Meat co-founder Josh Tetrick. “Selling is different than selling a lot,” Tetrick said. “Until we as a company and other companies build large-scale infrastructure, this is going to be very small scale.” SCALING WOES The cultivated meat sector has so far raised nearly $2 billion in investments globally, according to data collected by the Good Food Institute (GFI), a research group focused on alternatives to conventional meat. But it will take hundreds of millions of dollars for GOOD Meat, for example, to build bioreactors of the size needed to make its meat at scale, Tetrick said. Investment in the industry so far has been led by venture capital firms and major food companies like JBS SA, Tyson Foods Inc , and Archer-Daniels-Midland Co. JBS spokesperson Nikki Richardson said the company's investments in cultivated meat "are consistent with our efforts to build a diversified global food portfolio of traditional, plant-based and alternative protein product offerings." Tyson did not respond to a request for comment. ADM declined to comment. Much of that money has been directed toward the United States, the No. 1 target for cultivated meat makers because of its size and wealth, said Jordan Bar Am, a partner at McKinsey & Company who focuses on alternative proteins. Some companies are scaling up U.S. production even before their products have been approved by regulators. Believer Meats plans to build a facility in North Carolina, set to be commissioned in early 2024, that could produce 22 million pounds of meat annually, chief executive officer Nicole Johnson-Hoffman said. And GOOD Meat has plans to build out its production in California and Singapore to as much as 30 million pounds annually. The European Union along with Israel and other countries are also working on regulatory frameworks for cultivated meat but have not yet approved a product for human consumption. THE `ICK` FACTOR Cultivated meat companies plan to pitch consumers that their product is greener and more ethical than conventional livestock, while attempting to overcome an aversion to their product among some shoppers. For one, their product does not involve animal slaughter, which companies hope will make the product appealing to people who avoid meat for moral reasons. Animals are unharmed in the cell collection process, company executives told Reuters. Another draw is that growing meat in a steel vessel instead of in a field could reduce the environmental impact of livestock, which are responsible for 14.5% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions through feed production, deforestation, manure management, and enteric fermentation - animal burps - according to the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Plant-based meat companies have also appealed to consumers with moral and environmental claims, though the sector has captured just 1.4% of the meat market, according to a GFI report. But cultivated meat companies have the advantage that they can claim their product is real meat, Tetrick said. “Probably the single biggest thing we’ve learned is that people really love meat. They’re probably not going to eat a whole lot less of it,” he said. Still, a lot of people are grossed out by cultivated meat, said Janet Tomiyama, a health psychologist at the University of California, Los Angeles, who studies human diets. In a 2022 study published in the Journal of Environmental Psychology, she found that 35% of meat eaters and 55% of vegetarians would be too disgusted to try cultivated meat. Some people may perceive the meat to be "unnatural" and have a negative attitude about it before even trying it, she said. To attract hesitant shoppers, companies need to be as clear as possible about how their product is made and that it's safe to eat, said Tetrick, whose company has sold its product at restaurants in Singapore. "You’ve got to be transparent about it, but in a way that’s still appetizing," he said. UPSIDE Foods and GOOD Meat plan to whet American palates by releasing their products at high-end restaurants first once approved, they told Reuters, betting that consumers there will tolerate a higher price point and have a good first impression of their meat. UPSIDE hopes to get its products into grocery stores in the next three to five years, CEO Valeti said. Major U.S. supermarket chains did not respond to Reuters requests for comment. Restaurateur Andrés, known for his work on global food security, told Reuters he wants to sell cultivated meat because of its environmental benefits. "We can see in what is happening all around us, in every country around the globe, that our planet is in crisis," he said. Fellow chef Mallmann, known for his preparations of meat and other foods on outdoor flames, told Reuters he is also influenced by environmental considerations and sees the role of chefs as making the product more gastronomically appealing and less scientific. “We have to add romance to it,” he said. https://www.reuters.com/business/retail-consumer/lab-grown-meat-moves-closer-american-dinner-plates-2023-01-23/
  8. Experts warn that as AI becomes smarter, it could also become biased towards certain candidates Ever carefully crafted a job application for a role you're certain that you're perfect for, only to never hear back? There's a good chance no one ever saw your application — even if you took the internet's advice to copy-paste all of the skills from the job description. Employers, especially large companies, are increasingly using artificial intelligence (AI) tools to quickly whittle down applicants into shortlists to help make hiring decisions. One of the most widely used AI tools is an applicant tracking system (ATS), which can filter and rank candidates' resumes against an employer's criteria before a human recruiter looks at the best matches. And the systems are getting smarter: some AI companies claim their platforms can not only pinpoint the most qualified candidate, but also predict which one is most likely to excel in a given role. "The first thing workers have got to understand is: Nobody is looking at your resume. You have to run the gauntlet of the AI before you get seen [by a recruiter]," says Joseph Fuller, a professor of management practice at Harvard Business School. While AI hiring tools can save time and money for businesses when all they want to do is fill a job, experts caution that the platforms can overlook qualified candidates — and even introduce new biases into hiring processes if they're not carefully used. Meanwhile, human job seekers are usually in the dark about exactly which AI tools are being used and how their algorithms work, prompting frustrated searches for advice on how to "beat" recruitment software— much of it only scratching the surface. AI can 'hide' prospective workers Last year, Fuller co-authored research into "hidden workers" — applicants who are overlooked by companies due to their hiring practices, including their use of AI tools. The researchers interviewed more than 2,250 executives across the United States, United Kingdom and Germany. They found more than 90 per cent of companies were using tools like ATS to initially filter and rank candidates. But they often weren't using it well. Sometimes, candidates were scored against bloated job descriptions filled with unnecessary and inflexible criteria, which left some qualified candidates "hidden" below others the software deemed a more perfect fit. Depending how the AI was configured, it could down-rank or filter out candidates due to factors such as a gap in their career history, or their lack of a university degree, even when the role didn't require a post-secondary education. "Ninety-plus per cent of companies just acknowledge, 'We know that this process excludes qualified people,'" Fuller told CBC News. Those overlooked candidates included immigrants, veterans, people with disabilities, caregivers and neurodiverse people, among others, he added. The researchers urged employers to write new job descriptions, and to configure their AI to include candidates whose skills and experiences met a role's core requirements, rather than excluding them based on other criteria. The new rules of (AI) hiring The U.S. government has issued guidance to employers about the potential for automated hiring software to discriminate against candidates with disabilities — even when the AI claims to be "bias-free." And from April of this year, employers in New York City will have to tell candidates and employees when they use AI tools in hiring and promotion — and audit those technologies for bias. While Canada's federal government has its own AI use policy, there are no rules or guidance for other employers, although legislation currently before Parliament would require creators and users of "high-impact" AI systems to adopt harm and bias-mitigation measures to mitigate harm and bias (details about what is considered "high-impact" AI haven't yet been spelled out).. So for now, it's up to employers and their hiring teams to understand how their AI software works — and any potential downsides. "I advise HR practitioners they have to look into and have open conversations with their vendors: 'OK, so what's in your system? What's the algorithm like? … What is it tracking? What is it allowing me to do?" said Pamela Lirio, an associate professor of international human resources management at the Université de Montréal. Lirio, who specializes in new technologies, says it's also important to question who built the AI and whose data it was trained on, pointing to the example of Amazon, which in 2018 scrapped its internal recruiting AI tool after discovering it was biased against female job applicants. The system had been trained on the resumes of past applicants — who were, overwhelmingly, men — so the AI taught itself to down-rank applicants whose resumes mentioned competing in women's sports leagues or graduating from women's colleges. As AI becomes smarter and more attuned to the kinds of candidates an employer likes, based on who they've hired in the past, companies run the risk of replicating Amazon's mistake, says Susie Lindsay, counsel at the Law Commission of Ontario who has researched the potential regulation of AI in Canada. "If you quite simply are going to use a hiring tool for looking at resumes — or even look at a tool for your existing employees to decide who to promote — and you're looking at who's been successful to date, you're … not giving the opportunity for people who don't fit that exact model to potentially advance," Lindsay said. Can you actually 'beat' hiring bots? Do a web search for "how to beat ATS" and you'll find thousands of results, including from professional resume writers and online tools offering tips to help stuff your resume with the right keywords to get past the AI and onto a recruiter's desk. But keywords are only one of many data points that increasingly-advanced AI systems use. Others include the names of companies you've worked for in the past, how far into your career you are, and even how far you live from the organization you're applying at. "With a proper AI system that's able to understand the context of the skill and the relationships between the skills, [keyword-stuffing] is just not as fruitful as it used to be," says Morgan Llewellyn, chief data scientist at recruiting technology company Jobvite. Instead of trying to fool the algorithm, experts recommend applying for jobs that fit the skills, knowledge and experience you really do have — keeping in mind that a human always makes the final decision. "Even if you put this keyword, OK, well, what have you done? What was your job function, job title that you've done in the past?" says Robert Spilak, vice-president at ATS provider TalentNest. "You should meet the requirements [of the role]. If you don't meet any of those, then of course, [a] human or some automation will filter you out." https://www.cbc.ca/news/business/recruitment-ai-tools-risk-bias-hidden-workers-keywords-1.6718151?cmp=rss
  9. When someone sees an interesting article or post from elsewhere they want to share they often just 'copy' it and then 'paste' it into the posting window in Merlin. The problem is the original article or post may contain live links which are not permitted here. To get rid of these simply high-lite the link, hold the control button & right click. A drop down window will appear with the option to 'remove link'. Click that and the text will remain but the live link will be gone. Piece of cake!
  10. It may not be possible to fix a broken heart, but scientists have taken a new step towards healing the scars on one. An international team of researchers has, for the first time, restored the elasticity in scarred heart tissue in rats by injecting them with a specific protein. “What we have found is highly encouraging,” James Chong, a cardiologist, associate professor at the University of Sydney and senior author of the research, said in a press release. “We hope to continue developing the method so it can eventually be used in a clinical setting and used to treat and improve the lives of the millions of heart failure patients worldwide.” When a person experiences a heart attack, the actual tissue of the heart sustains trauma that becomes a scar – something that can cause problems down the line because scarred tissue isn’t able to stretch the way regular heart tissue can. But according to the results of this new research, published last month in the peer-reviewed journal Circulation Research, we could be on the doorstep of a new way to reverse that damage. In this preclinical study, researchers took a protein called tropoelastin – a spring-like molecule found in humans that aids in building elastic tissues – and injected it into rats in the days following a heart attack in an attempt to repair the scar tissue. “Tropoelastin can repair the heart because it is a precise replica of the body’s natural elastic protein,” Anthony Weiss, co-author and professor with the Faculty of Science at the University of Sydney, said in the release. In order to better ensure the success of the experiment, researchers also developed a new strategy of guiding the injection directly into the left ventricle of the heart with ultrasound, which is much less invasive than a thoracotomy, a surgical procedure to gain access to organs in the chest. Around 28 days after injecting purified tropoelastin into the rats’ hearts, researchers observed that the heart muscle had regained its elasticity, and that its muscle function was similar to before the heart attack. Researchers also found that the scar tissue had not expanded as much as in a control group of rats who were not treated with tropoelastin. “This research showcases the potential of tropoelastin in heart repair and suggest further work will show exciting possibilities of its role in future treatments and therapies,” Dr. Robert Hume, lead researcher who is currently based at the University of Sydney`s Charles Perkins Centre, said in the release. Following a heart attack, dead cells are removed by the immune system in the first days. After three days, the body begins to replace those dead cells with scar tissue, which makes the heart less flexible and can increase the chance of further heart failure. Heart disease, which can lead to a heart attack, heart failure or death, is the second leading cause of death in Canada. The study also took the first steps to see if human cells reacted similarly to tropoelastin. Researchers treated a specific type of cardiac cells with tropoelastin in a petri dish and found that these isolated cells were able to generate the protein elastin after the treatment, suggesting injections of tropoelastin into human cells also has beneficial impacts. We’re still a long way from testing out tropoelastin treatments on cardiac patients in a clinical setting. The study noted that further research is needed, as “an understanding into the exact mechanism behind tropoelastin ability to prevent scar expansion is not yet known.” But if further studies with tropoelastin go well, researchers believe we could see larger animal preclinical studies and eventually human clinical trials. https://www.ctvnews.ca/sci-tech/scientists-have-healed-scars-caused-by-a-heart-attack-in-rats-study-1.6236853
  11. dvernb


    Three old ladies were siting on a bench when a naked man with a huge hard-on walked past them. Two of the old ladies immediately had a stroke. The third couldn't reach him.
  12. Firstly, I have to admit I have never heard of the book before now, let alone read it! That said, I understand what you're saying in your comments. I've also seen it in many other literary works. I think it is political correctness run amok! What is the norm today is not what was the norm when these pieces were written. They want to revise history! A perfect example is the efforts by some to bastardize the works of Mark Twain. To appreciate the times when the stories were written you need to read them as they were written! Political correctness be damned!!
  13. We asked our readers to send in their best pictures on the theme of "open doors". Here is a selection of the photographs we received from around the world. Image source, Rachael Blakey Rachael Blakey: "An open door at an abandoned house in New Brunswick, Canada." Image source, Tricia Ryan Tricia Ryan: "This is Magic the beagle checking the weather before deciding whether to consent to going for a walk on a so-so day in chilly Dorset in November. I love this photo of her heading from the dark to the light." Image source, Harald Loeffler Harald Loeffler: "Family members going up for their first skydiving adventure learned that doors just get in the way of a successful exit, and that at least one was superfluous." Image source, Robert Horner Robert Horner: "A pair of open doors within a pair of closed doors, Malaga, Spain." Image source, Elizabeth Roach Elizabeth Roach: "Louisbourg National Historic Site, Nova Scotia. The charming 'garden keeper' enjoying a few moments of knitting and quiet before a shipload of tourists descended." Image source, Lindsey Rolfe Lindsey Rolfe: "On Sunday night all the machines were empty and the doors were open in a launderette in San Francisco." Image source, Olga Arune Olga Arune: "Let me in!" Image source, Kristine Zlamete Kristine Zlamete: "Dramatic entrance to the forest in Latvia." Image source, Jennie Meakin Jennie Meakin: "Shake it off. Down the old windy streets of Bari, you can happen on someone mid-house clean. Suddenly a brush popped out the door, and back in almost as quickly." Image source, Jane Thakker Jane Thakker: "An unexpected door in the grounds of a hotel in the Suusamyr Valley in Kyrgyzstan." Image source, Kevin Munt Kevin Munt took this picture by the coast. Image source, Tim Rishton Tim Rishton: "Opening the door to let the lambs out after the winter's snow; competition to be first out is intense."
  14. dvernb


    Hello there Jim3692. Nice to meet you. Welcome to the board!
  15. Wow. Certainly going to be a test spending any amount of time on this thing. I certainly wouldn't want to spend 6 months on it!
  16. Besides bots uploading Files and downloaders grabbing them is there anybody here besides me & Kath? Where is the community? Being an old geezer I have been (and still am) a member of several boards that are long past their heyday and are now down to a few stragglers. Even so, those boards are like Picadilly Circus compared to here. Because there were no obvious views or comments or reactions I stopped posting here once. Then I got a message from Kath wondering what had happened so I started again. I'm again beginning to wonder what's the sense if no one is interested and there is no community.
  17. I stumbled across a movie yesterday called "All Quiet On The Western Front" 2022 2hr 28 min imdb rating 7.8 (99k votes) It's a war movie and I am not at all a fan of war movies (with a couple of exceptions such as "Das Boot" and "1918") but the reviews and the trailer convinced me to give it a shot. Some of the reviewers have called this movie 'A Masterpiece'. I agree with them! The original movie was German but there are lots of versions with English audio & subtitles. https://www.imdb.com/title/tt1016150/?ref_=fn_al_tt_1
  18. A selection of powerful news photographs taken around the world this week. Image source, Jaimi Joy / Reuters An Elvis Presley impersonator leans against the Elvis Express in Sydney before the train departs for the Parkes Elvis Festival, around seven hours inland. Image source, Hector Retamal / AFP Children play during the opening ceremony of the 39th Harbin China International Ice and Snow Festival. Image source, Toby Melville / Reuters Keeper Jessica Ray poses with a clipboard in front of a tank of Humboldt penguins during the annual stocktake at ZSL London Zoo. Image source, Hamad I Mohammed / Reuters Team Audi Sport's Mattias Ekstrom and co-driver Emil Bergkvist on stage two of the Dakar Rally in Saudi Arabia. Image source, Guglielmo Mangiapane / Reuters Cardinals attend the funeral of former Pope Benedict in St Peter's Square at the Vatican. The former Pope died on New Year's Eve at the age of 95, almost a decade after standing down because of ill health. Image source, Carl De Souza / AFP Mourners queue to pay respects to Pele while he was lying in state at the stadium of his former club Santos. Pele, a three-time World Cup winner, died at the age of 82 on 29 December. Image source, John Wessels/ AFP A fisherman walks into the Sine Saloum Delta in Senegal ahead of a night of fishing for prawns. Image source, Juan Gonzalez / Reuters A woman walks to safety as wildfire causes damage to homes in rural areas around Santa Juana, Chile. Image source, Jure Makovec / AFP Frances Caroline Colombo, seen in silhouette, competes in the women's 7.5km (4.6 miles) sprint competition at the IBU Biathlon World Cup in Pokljuka, Slovenia. Image source, Jeff Overs / BBC Fireworks light up the sky over London as part of the new year celebrations which were watched by crowds of more than 100,000 on the banks of the River Thames. All pictures are subject to copyright.
  19. Image source, Getty Images By Madeline Halpert BBC News, New York The US has approved use of the world's first vaccine for honey bees. It was engineered to prevent fatalities from American foulbrood disease, a bacterial condition known to weaken colonies by attacking bee larvae. The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) approved a conditional license for the vaccine this week, according to the biotech firm behind its development. As pollinators, bees play a critical role in many aspects of the ecosystem. The vaccine could serve as a "breakthrough in protecting honey bees", Dalan Animal Health CEO Annette Kleiser said in a statement. It works by introducing an inactive version of the bacteria into the royal jelly fed to the queen, whose larvae then gain immunity. The US has seen annual reductions in honey bee colonies since 2006, according to the USDA. The USDA says many, sometimes overlapping, factors threaten honey bee health, including parasites, pests and disease, as well as a phenomenon called Colony Collapse Disorder, which occurs when worker bees abandon a hive and leave behind the queen. Pollinators such as bees, birds and bats are responsible for about a third of the world's crop production, according to the United Nation's Food and Agricultural Organization. American foulbrood disease poses a challenge for beekeepers as it is highly contagious and has no cure. The only treatment method requires burning the colony of infected bees along with the hives and equipment and treating nearby colonies with antibiotics. The new vaccine contains an inactive version of the bacteria that causes American foulbrood disease, Paenibacillus larvae, according to Dalan Animal health. The bacteria are incorporated into royal jelly feed given by worker bees to the queen bee, which then ingests the feed and keeps some of the vaccine in her ovaries, according to the biotech firm, which specialises in insect health and immunology. It says this gives bee larvae immunity to the disease as they hatch and reduces death from the illness. The new vaccine could mark an "exciting step forward for beekeepers", California State Beekeepers Association board member Trevor Tauzer said in a statement. "If we can prevent an infection in our hives, we can avoid costly treatments and focus our energy on other important elements of keeping our bees healthy," he said. Dalan plans to distribute the vaccine "on a limited basis" to commercial beekeepers and said the product would probably be available for purchase in the US this year. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-64180181?at_medium=RSS&at_campaign=KARANGA
  20. A selection of some of the most powerful pictures taken by news agency photographers around the world this year. Image source, Rojan Shrestha/NurPhoto/Getty Images A woman from the Kirat community wearing traditional dress dances during the Sakela festival in Kathmandu, Nepal. Image source, Pedro Vilela / Getty Images Landslides and flooding caused by torrential rain killed at least 15 people in south-eastern Brazil. More than 28,000 people had to leave their homes in Minas Gerais state, where rivers overflowed leaving towns partially submerged. Image source, CARLOS OSORIO / reuters People take part in protests against coronavirus vaccine mandates near Canada's parliament in Ottawa. Ontario declared a state of emergency in response to two weeks of the trucker-led protests. Image source, Future Publishing / Getty Images Beijing became the first city to host both a summer and winter edition of an Olympic Games, with the opening ceremony of this year's winter games once again held in the iconic Bird's Nest stadium in China's capital. Image source, BRIAN SNYDER / Reuters Will Smith slapped Chris Rock in the face on stage at the Oscars in Hollywood, Los Angeles, after the comedian made a joke about the actor's wife, Jada Pinkett Smith. The incident overshadowed the awards ceremony. Smith later apologised to Rock, saying his behaviour was "unacceptable and inexcusable". Image source, ROMAN PILIPEY/EPA-EFE Russian forces launched a full-scale invasion of neighbouring Ukraine at the end of February, attacking locations across the country. Here, civilians cross the river using a makeshift bridge, as they flee fighting in the frontline town of Irpin, near the capital Kyiv. Image source, Chris McGrath / Getty Images A man pushes his bike through debris and decimated military vehicles in Bucha, a town just outside Kyiv. In April, journalists entering the Ukrainian town - the site of fierce fighting between Russian and Ukrainian forces - found dead bodies of men in civilian clothes abandoned in the streets. Image source, Wendell Teodoro / Getty Images Elvis tribute artists arrive at Central station, Sydney, ahead of boarding the Elvis Express to Parkes. The Parkes Elvis Festival, in New South Wales, is held annually, usually to coincide with Presley's birthday in January. However, the 2022 event was rescheduled to April due to Covid restrictions earlier in the year. Image source, LUIS TATO / AFP Samburu women make traditional ornaments and jewellery out of beads in Sera Conservancy, Samburu County. The beadwork is sold through the Conservancy, creating an income for local farming families that have seen their traditional lifestyle threatened by climate change and the deterioration of Kenya's rangeland. Image source, CHRISTOPHE SIMON / AFP US actress Kristen Stewart poses during a photocall for Crimes Of the Future, at the 75th edition of the Cannes Film Festival in France. Image source, JIM URQUHART / REUTERS Abortion rights protesters gathered at the Utah State Capitol in Salt Lake City, after the United States Supreme Court overturned the landmark 1973 Roe v Wade ruling, which saw abortion made legal across the US. Image source, ADREES LATIF / Reuters Migrants are registered by border patrol agents in Roma, Texas, after crossing the Rio Grande river from Mexico. Migration into the US from Mexico continued to surge, breaking 2021's record levels. Over 50 migrants died in June, trapped in an abandoned lorry on a highway in Texas: it was the worst case of migrant deaths due to smuggling in the US. Image source, TAANRUUAMCHON / Reuters Rescuers saved an elephant and her calf who had both fallen into a pit in Thailand. The mother had to be hoisted to safety after trying to reach her baby. Image source, CARLOS MAMANI / AFP Aymara indigenous women play football during a championship in the Aymara district of Juli in Puno, southern Peru. Image source, Sergei Gapon/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images People visit the site of the newly erupted Fagradalsfjall volcano in Iceland's Meradalir valley, outside the town of Grindavik. The volcano erupted on 3 August after weeks of minor earthquakes in the area. Image source, THOMAS PETER / Reuters The pagodas on Louxingdun Island were dramatically exposed, as the water of Poyang Lake reached historically low levels during a severe drought across Jiangxi province in China. Image source, Jeff J Mitchell / Getty Images Pall bearers carry the coffin of Queen Elizabeth II, bearing the Imperial State Crown, into St. George's Chapel in Windsor. Britain's longest-serving monarch died peacefully at Balmoral Castle on 8 September, aged 96. Image source, UESLEI MARCELINO / Reuters Former Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva attends a rally in Curitiba, Brazil during the 2022 presidential election, which saw Lula go head to head with far-right incumbent Jair Bolsonaro - two bitter rivals from opposite sides of the political spectrum. Lula won, with 50.9% of the votes, ousting current president Bolsonaro, and marking a stunning political comeback. Image source, RICHARD PIERRIN / AFP Senior leaders called for calm after days of violent anti-government protests in Haiti. Protesters demanded the resignation of Prime Minister Ariel Henry, after an end to government fuel subsidies caused petrol and diesel prices to skyrocket. Image source, dia images / Getty Images Around the world women united in protest against the Iranian government by cutting their hair - as seen here in Istanbul. The protests began following the death in custody in Tehran of Mahsa Amini, a woman who was detained by Iran's morality police for allegedly wearing her hijab "improperly". Image source, Kevin Frayer / Getty Images In October, Chinese former leader Hu Jintao was led out of the closing ceremony of the Communist Party Congress. The frail-looking 79-year-old was sitting beside President Xi Jinping when he was escorted away by officials. No formal statement was made by the Chinese government concerning the incident. Image source, GUY PETERSON / AFP A mother cradles her child, who is suffering from severe malnutrition, in the intensive care unit of Bay Regional Hospital in Baidoa, Somalia. After four failed rainy seasons in a row, Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia are in the midst of the worst period of drought in the region for 40 years. Image source, Anna Moneymaker / Getty Images US President Joe Biden speaks at a Democratic National Committee event in Washington DC, three weeks ahead of US midterm elections in early November. The final results have left a divided government in the US. Come January, the House of Representatives, the lower chamber, will be held by Republicans, while the 100-seat Senate will be run by Democrats. Image source, JOSEPH RIMKUS / Reuters The US space agency, Nasa, launched the most powerful rocket ever built - Artemis 1 - in November. The 100m vehicle blasted off on its debut flight from Florida's Cape Canaveral - the start of a mission to send an unmanned capsule around the Moon. Image source, BARBARA DEBOUT / AFP A model poses with a creation by Victoire Kouroupe, a local designer, ahead of the first Central African Fashion Week, in Bangui in December. Image source, Shaun Botterill / FIFA / Getty Images Lionel Messi finally got his hands on the World Cup, lifting the trophy for Argentina for the first time since the late Diego Maradona captained the team to victory in 1986. Argentina won the penalty shootout 4-2 against France after a spectacular game centred on the much-anticipated confrontation between 35-year-old maestro Messi and French virtuoso Kylian Mbappe. Image source, ISABEL INFANTES / Reuters People wearing Santa Claus outfits take part in a charity race to raise funds to help vulnerable families, in Madrid, Spain. All photos subject to copyright
  21. (Courtesy of David Erichsen) Discovery Northern Lights Photographer of the Year 2022 Releases 25 Most Dazzling Auroras: From Alaskan Ice Caves and Beyond BY Louise Chambers TIMEDecember 19, 2022 Now in its fifth year, the Northern Lights Photographer of the Year competition, hosted by travel and photography blog Capture the Atlas, has released 25 of its best photos of aurora borealis from hundreds of dazzling entries. The winning images were taken from locations across the world, the winners representing 13 different nationalities, and were announced in December to coincide with peak northern lights season. Capture the Atlas editor Dan Zafra was on the lookout for pictures, from both renowned talent and new photographers, that portray this breathtaking natural phenomenon in novel and interesting ways. Top entries exhibited this chromatic spectacle in places ranging from Denmark to New Zealand, from Finland to Greenland to Russia, and even from inside a collapsed Alaskan glacial cave. “Red Skies” by Ruslan Merzlyakov. (Courtesy of Ruslan Merzlyakov) Danish photographer Ruslan Merzlyakov’s “Red Skies,” taken in Nykøbing Mors, Denmark, depicts the “absolutely insane red pillars” of the auroras that graced the skies over Limfjord, just a 3-minute drive from his house. Merzlyakov, who has been photographing the night sky for over 10 years, told Capture the Atlas, “Many think that Denmark, being placed far away from the general northern lights activity, is not an ideal place to see the aurora. This might be true, but there is always hope for magic during the darkest months of the year … the happiness you feel when watching the sky glow like this in your hometown is unforgettable.” “Michigan Night Watch” by Marybeth Kiczenski. (Courtesy of Marybeth Kiczenski) Marybeth Kiczenski’s “Michigan Night Watch” was an opportunistic shot taken from Point Betsie Lighthouse in Frankfort, Michigan, after the photographer made the most of a favorable aurora forecast. She said, “I was greeted with quite heavy winds but a beautiful sunset and warm weather. It was super busy since it was a Friday, and there were good conditions for auroras. It was fun to make some new friends, and we chatted while waiting for Lady Aurora to make an appearance.” At about half past eleven, the light show began. “We cheered. We clapped. This is what makes all of it worth it!” Kiczenski said. “Afterward, we packed up and drove the three hours back to Martin, Michigan, to start work for the day. Ah, the life of an aurora chaser!” “Chasing the Light” by David Erichsen. (Courtesy of David Erichsen) David Erichsen’s “Chasing the Light” was the realization of a childhood dream. Taken from Castner Glacier, Alaska, Erichsen’s surreal shot captures an aurora seen from inside a glacial cave and was the product of a two-hour midnight hike in below-freezing temperatures under storm-cleared skies. “As I made my way out to the cave, my walk quickly became a full-on run as I saw the sky split open with magnificent color,” Erichsen said. “Sadly, the ice cave collapsed on itself a couple months ago, which just shows that you have to chase every opportunity before it’s gone.” What’s not pictured, he said, are the several nights he wandered out to the cave in sub-freezing temperatures waiting for “just a hint of green to dance through this frozen window,” but struck out. “Inception” by Giulio Cobianchi. (Courtesy of Giulio Cobianchi) “Magical Forest” by Elena Ermolina. (Courtesy of Elena Ermolina) Other winning photos portray the majesty of the northern lights against vast starry expanses and a plethora of natural landscapes. It’s hard to choose a favorite. Zafra is already welcoming participants to join in next year’s competition. The best time to see the lights is between September and April in the Northern Hemisphere, or between March and September in the Southern Hemisphere. Owing to the tilt of the Earth’s axis, the best time to take photos coincides with the fall and spring equinoxes. “Nugget Point Lighthouse Aurora” by Douglas Thorne. (Courtesy of Douglas Thorne) “Towering Ice” by Virgil Reglioni. (Courtesy of Virgil Reglioni) “Auroraverse” by Tor-Ivar Næss. (Courtesy of Tor-Ivar Næss “An Explosion of Color” by Vincent Beudez. (Courtesy of Vincent Beudez) “Spirits of Winter” by Unai Larraya. (Courtesy of Unai Larraya) “Under a Northern Sky” by Rachel Jones Ross. (Courtesy of Rachel Jones Ross) “Queen of the North” by Pierpaolo Salvatore. (Courtesy of Pierpaolo Salvatore) “Polaris Dream” by Nico Rinaldi. (Courtesy of Nico Rinaldi) “Captain Hook” by Mattia Frenguelli. (Courtesy of Mattia Frenguelli) “Nordic Quetzal” by Luis Solano Pochet. (Courtesy of Luis Solano Pochet) “Reflections on the Ice” by Lena Pettersen. (Courtesy of Lena Pettersen) “Explosions of the Sky” by Kavan Chay. (Courtesy of Kavan Chay) “The Light Upon Kerlaugar” by Jannes Krause. (Courtesy of Jannes Krause) “Bridge to Dreams” by Jabi Sanz. (Courtesy of Jabi Sanz) “Emerald Howl” by Itai Monnickendam. (Courtesy of Itai Monnickendam) “The Fjord Guardian” by Filip Hrebenda. (Courtesy of Filip Hrebenda) “Green Balls” by Jose D. Riquelme. (Courtesy of Jose D. Riquelme) “Northern Lights over Dramatic Lofoten Peaks” by David Haring. (Courtesy of David Haring) “Elves’ House” by Asier López Castro. (Courtesy of Asier López Castro) “Magic Night” by Anastasia & Aleksey R. (Courtesy of Anastasia & Aleksey R)
  22. I would like to wish everyone here on the board a very merry Christmas! To all you non-Christian folks happy holidays! May the season be happy and joyous for all!
  23. Wind whips embers from a burning tree during a wildfire near Hemet, Calif., on Sept. 6, 2022. (AP Photo/Ringo H.W. Chiu) Arsha Begum receives the Covishield vaccine for COVID-19 from Fozia, a healthcare worker, during a COVID-19 vaccination drive in Budgam, southwest of Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, on Jan. 11, 2022. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin) Matej Svancer of Austria trains ahead of the men's freestyle skiing big air qualification round of the 2022 Winter Olympics in Beijing on Feb. 7, 2022. (AP Photo/Matt Slocum) A Taliban fighter stands guard at the site of an explosion in front of a school in Kabul, Afghanistan, on April 19, 2022. It was one of several deadly explosions that have targeted educational institutions in Afghanistan's capital. (AP Photo/Ebrahim Noroozi) Children play in the Catia neighborhood of Caracas, Venezuela, on Jan. 2, 2022. (AP Photo/Matias Delacroix) A man recovers items from a burning shop following a Russian attack in Kharkiv, Ukraine, on March 25, 2022. (AP Photo/Felipe Dana) People throng President Gotabaya Rajapaksa's official residence in Colombo, Sri Lanka, on July 11, 2022, the day after it was stormed by protesters demanding his resignation amid the country's worst economic crisis in recent memory. (AP Photo/Rafiq Maqbool) A boy cools off in a public fountain in Vilnius, Lithuania, during a heat wave on June 26, 2022. (AP Photo/Mindaugas Kulbis) Jennica Secuya swims in her mermaid suit during a mermaiding class in Mabini, Batangas province, Philippines, on May 22, 2022. (AP Photo/Aaron Favila) Revelers dressed as "Mascaritas" take part in a traditional carnival celebration in the small village of Luzon, Spain, on Feb. 26, 2022. Preserved records from the fourteenth century document Luzon's carnival, but the real origin of the tradition could be much older. (AP Photo/Manu Fernandez) Motria Oleksiienko, 99 years old and traumatized by the Russian occupation, is comforted by her daughter-in-law, Tetiana Oleksiienko, in a room without heating in the village of Andriivka, Ukraine, as heavy fighting continues between Russian and Ukrainian forces, on April 6, 2022. (AP Photo/Vadim Ghirda) President Joe Biden walks to his motorcade after speaking to reporters at Andrews Air Force Base, Md., on Jan. 28, 2022. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik) Vehicles rest on a bridge in Pittsburgh following its collapse on Jan. 28, 2022. Rescuers had to rappel nearly 150 feet (45 meters), while others formed a human chain to help rescue people from a dangling bus. (AP Photo/Gene J. Puskar) Ukrainian emergency workers and volunteers carry an injured pregnant woman from a maternity hospital damaged by an airstrike in Mariupol, Ukraine, on March 9, 2022. The woman was taken to another hospital, but did not survive. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Maloletka) A paper cut-out of a horse peeks out from a stand of prickly pear cactus at a park in Tel Aviv on Feb. 5, 2022. (AP Photo/Oded Balilty) A young boy runs towards a United Nations helicopter carrying Under-Secretary-General for Peace Operations Jean Pierre Lacroix before it lands in Bunia, eastern Congo, on Feb. 22, 2022. (AP Photo/Moses Sawasawa) Communist party supporters hold portraits of Josef Stalin and Vladimir Lenin as they gather during the national celebration of the "Defender of the Fatherland Day" near the Kremlin in Moscow's Revolution Square on Feb. 23, 2022. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko) People from the Donetsk and Luhansk regions, the territory in eastern Ukraine controlled by pro-Russia separatist governments, watch Russian President Vladimir Putin's address at their temporary place in Russia's Rostov-on-Don region on Feb. 21, 2022. (AP Photo/Denis Kaminev) A girl uses a kerosine oil lamp to attend online lessons during a power cut brought on by a fuel shortage in Colombo, Sri Lanka, on March 4, 2022. (AP Photo/Eranga Jayawardena) Israeli police clash with mourners as they carry the coffin of slain Al Jazeera journalist Shireen Abu Akleh during her funeral in east Jerusalem, on May 13, 2022. Abu Akleh, a Palestinian-American reporter who covered the Mideast conflict for more than 25 years, was shot dead two days earlier during an Israeli military raid in the West Bank town of Jenin. (AP Photo/Maya Levin) Firefighters wait for water as a fire rages in the low income neighborhood of Laguna Verde, in Iquique, Chile, on Jan. 10, 2022. (AP Photo/Ignacio Munoz) Bodies are lowered into a mass grave on the outskirts of Mariupol, Ukraine, on March 9, 2022, as people cannot bury their dead because of the heavy shelling by Russian forces. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Maloletka) A jet ski steers away from a crashing wave during a big wave surfing session at Praia do Norte, or North Beach, in Nazare, Portugal, on Feb. 25, 2022. (AP Photo/Armando Franca) Workers clean oil from Cavero beach in Ventanilla, Callao, Peru, on Jan. 18, 2022. The Peruvian Civil Defense Institute said the eruption of an undersea volcano in Tonga created high waves that moved a ship loading oil into La Pampilla refinery, causing the oil to spill. (AP Photo/Martin Mejia) Goats graze in east Jerusalem with Israel's separation barrier in the background, surrounding Shuafat refugee camp, on March 8, 2022. (AP Photo/Oded Balilty) A woman shouting anti-government slogans holds an umbrella surrounded by clouds of smoke during a demonstration in Buenos Aires, Argentina, to protest the government's agreement with the International Monetary Fund to refinance some $45 billion in debt on March 10, 2022. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd) Tom Cruise, center, gestures upon arriving at the premiere of the film "Top Gun: Maverick" at the 75th international film festival in Cannes, France, on May 18, 2022. (AP Photo/Petros Giannakouris) A woman adjusts her hat before the 148th running of the Kentucky Derby horse race at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Ky., on May 7, 2022. (AP Photo/Charlie Riedel) Mahtab, an 8-year-old Hazara Shiite student, poses for a photo in her classroom at the Abdul Rahim Shaheed School in Kabul, Afghanistan, on April 23, 2022, days after a bombing attack at the school. (AP Photo/Ebrahim Noroozi) A girl has her make up done before the "Las llamadas" carnival parade in Montevideo, Uruguay, on Feb. 10, 2022. (AP Photo/Matilde Campodonico) Ukrainians huddle under a destroyed bridge as they try to flee by crossing the Irpin River on the outskirts of Kyiv, Ukraine, on March 5, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti) The body of an unidentified man lies on a road barrier near a village retaken by Ukrainian forces on the outskirts of Kharkiv, Ukraine, on April 30, 2022. (AP Photo/Felipe Dana) An injured protester cries in pain after police fire tear gas to disperse an anti-government protest in Colombo, Sri Lanka, on May 19, 2022. The protesters were demanding the resignation of President Gotabaya Rajapaksa, holding him responsible for the country's worst economic crisis in recent memory. (AP Photo/Eranga Jayawardena) Women, one wearing a traditional Basutu hat, take a selfie during a visit to the Afriski ski resort near Butha-Buthe, Lesotho, on July 30, 2022. Afriski in the Maluti Mountains is Africa's only operating ski resort south of the equator. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay) Supporters of former President Donald Trump line up behind Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, to pose for photos during a book signing at the Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) in Dallas, on Aug. 5, 2022. (AP Photo/LM Otero) Villagers gather during a visit by Martin Griffiths, the United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, in the village of Lomoputh in northern Kenya on May 12, 2022. Griffiths visited the area to see the effects of the drought which the U.N. says is a severe climate-induced humanitarian emergency in the Horn of Africa. (AP Photo/Brian Inganga) JoAnn Daniels, left, accompanied by Kayla Jones, second from right, Donell Jones, right, and other family members, takes a moment to gather her thoughts during an interview with The Associated Press about her sister Celestine Chaney, who was killed in Saturday's shooting at a supermarket in Buffalo, N.Y., Monday, May 16, 2022. (AP Photo/Matt Rourke) The body of a dead addict lies covered by a shawl in an area inhabited by drug users under a bridge in Kabul, Afghanistan, on June 15, 2022. Drug addiction has long been a problem in Afghanistan, the world's biggest producer of opium and heroin. (AP Photo/Ebrahim Noroozi) The body of Muhammad Hassouna, a senior commander in the Palestinian militant group Islamic Jihad who was killed in an Israeli airstrike, is prepared for his funeral at a hospital in Rafah, in the southern Gaza Strip, on Aug. 7, 2022. (AP Photo/Fatima Shbair) Workers put a dead crane into a bag at the Hula Lake conservation area in northern Israel on Jan. 2, 2022. A bird flu outbreak killed thousands of migratory cranes in what authorities say was the deadliest wildlife disaster in the nation's history. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit) Pope Francis is aided as he leaves the parish community of Sacred Heart in Edmonton, Alberta, after a meeting with Indigenous peoples on July 25, 2022. (AP Photo/Eric Gay) Lexie Stroiney, 6, curls up in the plethysmography chamber during a break in her pulmonary function test at Children's National Hospital in Washington on Jan. 26, 2022. Lexie had COVID-19 and is part of a NIH-funded multi-year study to look at impacts of COVID-19 on children's physical health and quality of life. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster) Scotland's Micky Yule reacts after a successful lift during the men's heavyweight para powerlifting final at the Commonwealth Games in Birmingham, England, on Aug. 4, 2022. (AP Photo/Aijaz Rahi) Rescue workers observe as a Russian Orthodox believer dips into icy water during a traditional Epiphany celebration in St. Petersburg, Russia, on Jan. 18, 2022. (AP Photo/Dmitri Lovetsky) A woman looks at the ruins of a Palestinian house demolished by the Jerusalem municipality in the east Jerusalem neighborhood of Sheikh Jarrah on Jan. 19, 2022. Israeli police evicted Palestinian residents from the disputed property and demolished the building, days after a tense standoff. (AP Photo/Mahmoud Illean) A young cowboy wearing a mask as a precaution against the spread of COVID-19 looks at other competitors during the Boyeros Cattlemen's fair rodeo at the International Agricultural Fair Fiagrop 2022 in Havana, Cuba, Friday, April 8, 2022. (AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa) Anti-abortion advocates celebrate outside the Supreme Court in Washington on June 24, 2022, following the court's decision to end constitutional protections for abortion that had been in place nearly 50 years. (AP Photo/Steve Helber) Spectators watch from a classic Citroen 2CV car as the pack passes during the second stage of the Tour de France cycling race over 202.5 kilometers (125.8 miles) with start in Roskilde and finish in Nyborg, Denmark, Saturday, July 2, 2022. (AP Photo/Daniel Cole) Relatives carry a casket with the remains of Joselin Chacón Lobo, known as "Chispita," before the start of her funeral procession in Amatitlan, Guatemala, on July 3, 2022. Chacón Lobo had been missing for almost two months and was found buried at a clandestine site along with her husband, Nelson Estiven Villatoro, who also worked as a clown. (AP Photo/Moises Castillo) A woman is baptized during the ReAwaken America Tour at Cornerstone Church in Batavia, N.Y., on Aug. 12, 2022. In the version of America laid out at the ReAwaken tour, Christianity is at the center of American life and institutions, it's under attack, and attendees need to fight to restore and protect the nation's Christian roots. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster) Natali Sevriukova cries in front of the building that was her home following a rocket attack in Kyiv, Ukraine, on Feb. 25, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti) A protester sits at the desk of Sri Lankan Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe after storming his office in Colombo, Sri Lanka, on July 13, 2022. The protesters demanded Wickremesinghe's resignation following the departure of president Gotabaya Rajapaksa, who fled the country amid the economic crisis. (AP Photo/ Photo/Rafiq Maqbool) A woman wearing a face mask rides a bicycle in Beijing under a large television screen displaying Chinese state television news coverage of President Xi Jinping's visit to Hong Kong to mark the 25th anniversary of Hong Kong's return to China on July 1, 2022. (AP Photo/Mark Schiefelbein) Bobby Rhinebolt, right, smokes a cigarette while sitting beside Victor Perez near a formerly sunken boat implanted upright in mud and now above the water line at the Lake Mead National Recreation Area, on June 22, 2022, near Boulder City, Nev. As the water level at the lake recedes, sunken boats and other debris are appearing along the shoreline. (AP Photo/John Locher) A surfer rides a wave at Blacks Beach in San Diego on Jan. 12, 2022, as a round of large surf made its way into the region. (AP Photo/Gregory Bull) A motorcyclist carries three young woman as he performs a wheelie on his motorbike during an exhibition in the Chapellin neighborhood of Caracas, Venezuela, on June 12, 2022. (AP Photo/Matias Delacroix) Israeli security forces advance during a protest by Bedouins against tree-planting by the Jewish National Fund on disputed land near the beduin village of al-Atrash in the Negev desert of southern Israel on Jan. 12, 2022. (AP Photo/Mahmoud Illean) Relatives and friends attend the funeral ceremony for 4-year-old Liza, who was killed by a Russian attack along with 22 others, in Vinnytsia, Ukraine, on July 17, 2022. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky) A girl wearing a face mask runs away from a replica of a gorilla at park in Hong Kong on May 9, 2022. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung) Community members stand over suspected illegal gold miners after beating them and stripping them naked before police arrested them near Krugersdorp, South Africa, on Aug. 4, 2022. The men were beaten with sticks and their camps set ablaze following the alleged gang rapes of eight women by miners the week before. (AP Photo/Denis Farrell) Kashmiri Shiite Muslim women mourn as they participate in a Muharram procession on Dal lake, near Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, on Aug. 8, 2022. Muharram is a month of mourning in remembrance of the martyrdom of Imam Hussein, the grandson of Prophet Mohammed. (AP Photo/ Dar Yasin) Dancers Robert Carter, right, and Ugo Cirri from the comedy drag ballet company Les Ballets Trockadero de Monte Carlo pose for the cameras in the Italian Gardens of Kensington Gardens in London on Sept. 1, 2022. (AP Photo/Alastair Grant) Members of Florida Task Force 2 urban search and rescue gain access to a home through a broken upper window to confirm the home is clear of people and human remains, a week after the passage of Hurricane Ian, in Fort Myers Beach, Fla., on Oct. 5, 2022. (AP Photo/Rebecca Blackwell) Serena Williams, of the United States, prepares to serve against Anett Kontaveit, of Estonia, during the second round of the U.S. Open tennis tournament in New York on Aug. 31, 2022. (AP Photo/Seth Wenig) Children sleep on the floor of a school turned into a shelter after they were forced to leave their homes in Cite Soleil due to clashes between armed gangs, in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on July 23, 2022. (AP Photo/Odelyn Joseph) A farm worker rests on his employer's cow, which he cares for during the Rural Society's annual exposition in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on July 21, 2022. (AP Photo/Natacha Pisarenko) Bullfighter Jesus Colombo adjusts his "montera" before entering the bullring at the end of the bullfight at the San Fermin Festival in Pamplona, northern Spain, on July 11, 2022. (AP Photo/Alvaro Barrientos) Maasai waiting in line to cast their votes look through an open window at electoral officials inside a polling station at Niserian Primary School, in Kajiado County, Kenya, on Aug. 9, 2022. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis) Anastasia Ohrimenko, 26, is comforted by relatives and friends as she mourns the loss of her husband, Yury Styglyuk, a Ukrainian serviceman who died in combat on August 24 in Maryinka, Donetsk, during his funeral in Bucha, Ukraine, on Aug. 31, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti) Victor Tejada and his dog cool off with water from a hydrant in the Skid Row area of Los Angeles on Aug. 31, 2022, amid excessive-heat warnings. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong) A visitor takes a selfie with the wax figure of Queen Elizabeth II and other royal family members at the wax museum in Mexico City, on Sept. 8, 2022. Queen Elizabeth II, Britain's longest-reigning monarch, died Sept. 8 after 70 years on the throne. She was 96. (AP Photo/Fernando Llano) A person walks past homes damaged in a rocket attack earlier in the morning on Aug. 16, 2022, in Kramatorsk, eastern Ukraine, as Russian shelling continued to hit towns and villages in Donetsk province. (AP Photo/David Goldman) Flames engulf a chair inside a burning home as the Oak Fire burns in Mariposa County, Calif., on July 23, 2022. (AP Photo/Noah Berger) Jared Cannonier is hit by Israel Adesanya in a middleweight title bout during the UFC 276 mixed martial arts event Saturday, July 2, 2022, in Las Vegas. (AP Photo/John Locher) Lau Florit trains his horse for the Sant Joan Festival in Ciutadella, Spain, on June 22, 2022. (AP Photo/Joan Mateu Parra) A heart-shaped balloon flies decorating a memorial site outside Robb Elementary School in Uvalde, Texas, Monday, May 30, 2022. Nineteen children and two teachers were killed by an 18-year-old gunman at the school last week. (AP Photo/Wong Maye-E) Dona Vicentina, 96, sits on her bed at home holding the image of Our Lady in Quilombo Mesquita, a community of descendants of slaves, during its traditional cultural-religious festival "Folia do Divino Espirito Santo," in Cidade Ocidental, Brazil, 50 km (31 miles) from the capital Brasilia, on May 12, 2022. The festival has been held for more than 100 years on the eve of the anniversary of Brazil's abolition of slavery, which occurred on May 13, 1888. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres) Muslim pilgrims take a nap on the rocky hill known as the Mountain of Mercy, on the Plain of Arafat, during the annual hajj pilgrimage, near the holy city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia, on July 8, 2022. (AP Photo/Amr Nabil) Children watch the animated movie "A Cat in Paris" during a film festival in the San Agustin neighborhood of Caracas, Venezuela, on May 25, 2022. (AP Photo/Ariana Cubillos) People listen as Abida Malik, sister of jailed Kashmiri separatist leader Yasin Malik, reads verses from the Quran from the window of her house in Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, on May 25, 2022. (AP Photo/Mukhtar Khan) Fans congregate in front of the red carpet ahead of the film premiere of "Bones and All," which stars Timothee Chalamet, during the 79th edition of the Venice Film Festival in Venice, Italy, on Sept. 2, 2022. (Photo by Vianney Le Caer/Invision/AP) Supporters of Kenyan opposition leader Raila Odinga celebrate developments at the electoral commission in the Kibera neighborhood of Nairobi, Kenya, on Aug. 15, 2022, as the country continued to wait for the results of the presidential election between Odinga and Deputy President William Ruto to succeed President Uhuru Kenyatta after a decade in power. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis) A 9-year-old girl works in a brick factory on the outskirts of Kabul, Afghanistan, on Aug. 20, 2022. Aid agencies say the number of children working in Afghanistan is growing ever since the economy collapsed following the Taliban takeover more than a year ago. (AP Photo/Ebrahim Noroozi) Members of the San Fermin Comparsa attend the final day of the San Fermin Festival in Pamplona, Spain, on July 14, 2022. (AP Photo/Alvaro Barrientos) Members of the San Fermin Comparsa attend the final day of the San Fermin Festival in Pamplona, Spain, on July 14, 2022. (AP Photo/Alvaro Barrientos) Migrants in a wooden boat float in the Mediterranean Sea south of the Italian island of Lampedusa on Aug. 11, 2022. (AP Photo/Francisco Seco) A toy stands on a shelf in a house riddled with bullets from a gunbattle that left three dead on the outskirts of Srinagar, India, on March 16, 2022. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin) Indian policemen detain a Kashmiri Shiite Muslim for participating in a religious procession during restrictions in Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, on Aug. 7, 2022. (AP Photo/Mukhtar Khan) First responders salute as a U.S. flag is unfurled at the Pentagon in Washington at sunrise on Sept. 11, 2022, on the 21st anniversary of the 9/11 terrorist attacks. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik) Rescuers attempt to save a 5-year-old boy who fell into a hole in the village of Ighran in Morocco's Chefchaouen province on Feb. 4, 2022. The boy, trapped for days in the dark depths of a well, did not survive. (AP Photo/Mosa'ab Elshamy) Yurii Voitenko plays with the dolphin named Zeus through an underwater viewing window fortified with sand bags in the pool of the dolphinarium Nemo in Kharkiv, Ukraine, on Sept. 21, 2022. (AP Photo/Leo Correa) Migrants run on Spanish territory after crossing the fences separating the Spanish enclave of Melilla from Morocco in Melilla, Spain, Friday, June 24, 2022. (AP Photo/Javier Bernardo) Ukrainian soldiers fire artillery at Russian positions near Bakhmut, Donetsk region, Ukraine, on Nov. 20, 2022. (AP Photo/LIBKOS) People walk through an exhibit simulating sea pollution during the 11th edition of the Technopolis science, technology, industry and art exhibit in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on July 17, 2022. (AP Photo/Natacha Pisarenko) A devotee dressed as a Roman soldier whips a penitent playing the role of one of two thieves sentenced to be crucified alongside Jesus Christ, during the Via Crucis or Way of the Cross reenactment in the Petare neighborhood of Caracas, Venezuela, on Good Friday, April 15, 2022. (AP Photo/Matias Delacroix) Models prepare for the Dieyingchongchong show by designer Dong Yaer for China Fashion Week in Beijing, on Sept. 7, 2022. (AP Photo/Ng Han Guan) Pamela dos Santos Pereira, a 33-year-old mother of six, stands in her home's doorway holding her one-month-old child Joao, with Debora, 4, and Issac, 6, in Brasiliandia, one of the poorest neighborhoods of Sao Paulo, Brazil, on Sept. 29, 2022. (AP Photo/Victor R. Caivano) Volodymyr, 66, injured from a strike, sits on a chair in his damaged apartment in Kramatorsk, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, on July 7, 2022. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty) A relative of Pascual Melvin Guachiac Sipac embraces the casket that contains his remains during his funeral service in Tzucubal, Nahuala, Guatemala, on July 16, 2022. The 13-year-old was among a group of migrants who died of heat and dehydration in a trailer-truck abandoned by smugglers on the outskirts of San Antonio, Texas, on June 27.(AP Photo/Oliver de Ros) People sit in a shallow pool of water in the riverbed of the Jialing River, a tributary of the Yangtze, in southwestern China's Chongqing Municipality, on Aug. 20, 2022. The landscape of Chongqing, a megacity that also takes in surrounding farmland and picturesque mountains, has been transformed by drought. (AP Photo/Mark Schiefelbein) A guard marches outside Buckingham Palace in London on Sept. 11, 2022. Queen Elizabeth II, Britain's longest-reigning monarch and a rock of stability across much of a turbulent century, died on Sept. 8, 2022, after 70 years on the throne. She was 96. (AP Photo/Felipe Dana) Pictures of Pope John Paul I, left, and Pope Francis, sit behind a door of an office where documents and personal letters and writings belonging to the late John Paul I are kept at the Vatican, on Aug. 23, 2022. John Paul I is widely recalled not so much for his life but for the murky circumstances of his abrupt death, 33 days after being elected pontiff in 1978. (AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia) Anton Gladun, 22, lies on his bed at the Third City Hospital, in Cherkasy, Ukraine, on May 5, 2022. Gladun, a military medic deployed on the front lines in eastern Ukraine, lost both legs and his left arm in a mine explosion on March 27. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti) Young Catholic penitents of the Ujue Virgin carry crosses as they take part in a pilgrimage from Tafalla and other villages to the small town of Ujue, northern Spain, Sunday, May 1, 2022. The 25 km (16 mile) pilgrimage had been canceled for two years due COVID-19. (AP Photo/Alvaro Barrientos) A mother and her two daughters embrace while visiting a memorial at a town square in Uvalde, Texas, on May 31, 2022, to pay their respects to the victims killed in the previous week's elementary school shooting. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong) Anatolii Virko plays a piano outside a house likely damaged after a Russian bombing in the village of Velyka Kostromka, Ukraine, on May 19, 2022. (AP Photo/Francisco Seco) People wade through a flooded road after heavy rains in Gauhati, Assam state, India, on June 14, 2022. (AP Photo/Anupam Nath) Migrants wait along a border wall on Aug. 23, 2022, after crossing from Mexico near Yuma, Ariz. (AP Photo/Gregory Bull) Bodies of migrants float with debris after a sailboat carrying them smashed into rocks and sank off the island of Kythira, southern Greece, on Oct. 6, 2022. (AP Photo/Thanassis Stavrakis) A protester carries a piece of wood simulating a weapon during a protest demanding the resignation of Prime Minister Ariel Henry in the Petion-Ville area of Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on Oct. 3, 2022. (AP Photo/Odelyn Joseph) A tribute to Queen Elizabeth II is reflected on a taxi at Piccadilly Circus in London on Sept. 9, 2022, the day after she died at the age of 96. (AP Photo/Bernat Armangue) Displaced people who have arrived at a camp wait for plot allocation on the outskirts of Dollow, Somalia, on Sept. 19, 2022. Somalia is in the midst of the worst drought anyone there can remember. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay) An angry Muslim resident tells media to leave, alleging that they distort the facts, while Muslim-owned shops are demolished in New Delhi's northwest Jahangirpuri neighborhood on April 20, 2022, days after violence shook the capital during a Hindu religious procession. Authorities on bulldozers razed a number of shops before India's Supreme Court halted the demolitions. (AP Photo/Altaf Qadri) People watch a plume of smoke rise from the Matanzas supertanker base, where a deadly fire started during a thunderstorm the night before in Matanzas, Cuba, on Aug. 7, 2022. (AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa) People looking for their relatives inspect photos of victims of the soccer match stampede that occurred the day before in Malang, East Java, Indonesia, on Oct. 2, 2022. Panic at the soccer match left over 100 people dead, most of whom were trampled to death after police fired tear gas to prevent violence. (AP Photo/Dicky Bisinglasi) Ukrainian family members reunite for the first time since Russian troops withdraw from the Kherson region in the village of Tsentralne, southern Ukraine, on Nov. 13, 2022. (AP Photo/Bernat Armangue) Palestinians mourn around the body of Fayez Damdoum during his funeral in the West Bank village of Azariyah, on Oct. 1, 2022. Israel's paramilitary border police said forces shot a protester who attempted to throw a firebomb at them as they came to disperse a demonstration. The Palestinian Health Ministry identified the dead youth as 18-year-old Fayez Damdoum. (AP Photo/Mahmoud Illean) Jenn Bennett, who is high on fentanyl, sits on her skateboard with a visible black eye as her friend, Jesse Williams, smokes the drug in Los Angeles on Aug. 9, 2022. Use of fentanyl, a synthetic opioid that is 50 times more potent than heroin, has exploded. Even a small dose can be fatal, and it has quickly become the deadliest drug in the nation, according to the Drug Enforcement Administration. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong) The bow of the Soviet submarine K-3 Leninsky Komsomol is transported on a platform along the street from the pier to the museum, where it will be assembled with the stern, in the city of Kronstadt, outside St. Petersburg, Russia, on Oct. 12, 2022. K-3 Leninsky Komsomol, built in 1957, was the Soviet Union's first nuclear submarine. (AP Photo/Dmitri Lovetsky) Chris Martin, lead singer of the British rock band Coldplay, performs during the Rock in Rio music festival in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, on Sept. 11, 2022. (AP Photo/Bruna Prado) Volunteers pour water on the body of a Shiite Muslim who is bleeding after flagellating himself during a procession to mark Ashoura in New Delhi, India, on Aug. 9, 2022. Ashoura comemorates the martyrdom of Imam Hussein, the grandson of Prophet Mohammed. (AP Photo/Altaf Qadri) The U.S. Navy Drill Team, lead by Lt. Stephan Acevedo, performs during the Joint Service Drill-Off competition at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on Oct. 19, 2022. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster) A supporter of Republican nominee for U.S Senate Herschel Walker leaves a campaign rally on Nov. 10, 2022, in Canton, Ga., as Walker's campaign gears up for a runoff with incumbent Democrat Raphael Warnock. (AP Photo/John Bazemore) A Ukrainian soldier reacts as he receives an injection during an evacuation of injured soldiers participating in the counteroffensive, near the retaken village of Shchurove, Ukraine, on Sept. 25, 2022. (AP Photo/Leo Correa) A family walks in the rain in search of shelter on Sept. 27, 2022, after Hurricane Ian flooded their home in Pinar del Rio, Cuba. (AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa) Dirk Russell, who has medical issues, lies on the sofa in his waterlogged home, which was flooded in the aftermath of Hurricane Ian, on Pine Island, Fla., on Oct. 1, 2022. (AP Photo/Gerald Herbert) Christian Orthodox bishops stand by the body of the late head of the Orthodox Church in Cyprus, Archbishop Chrysostomos II, during his funeral ceremony at Saint Barnabas Cathedral in Nicosia, Cyprus, on Nov. 12, 2022. (AP Photo/Petros Karadjias) Seal hunter Wilbur Kuzuzuk drags a spotted seal, his only catch of the day, onto the edge of the lagoon in Shishmaref, Alaska, on Oct. 4, 2022. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong) A steam train drives through a forest, destroyed by the bark beetle and drought, in the Harz mountains near the train station at Schierke, Germany, on Oct. 23, 2022. (AP Photo/Matthias Schrader) Cadets practice with gas masks during a lesson in a bomb shelter on the first day of school at a cadet lyceum in Kyiv, Ukraine, on Sept. 1, 2022. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky) A girl rides a horse during Tradition Day, aimed at preserving gaucho traditions, in San Antonio de Areco, Argentina, on Nov. 13, 2022. (AP Photo/Natacha Pisarenko) Medical workers and others try to identify victims of a pedestrian bridge collapse in the city of Morbi, in India's western state of Gujarat, on Oct. 31, 2022. A century-old cable suspension bridge collapsed into a river the day before, sending hundreds plunging into the water and killing more than hundred in one of the worst accidents in the country in the past decade. (AP Photo/Ajit Solanki) A sign posted by the Egyptian ministry of environment promotes the 2022 United Nations global summit on climate change, known as COP27, on Peace Road in Sharm el-Sheikh, South Sinai, Egypt, on Nov. 3, 2022. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell) The annual Tribute in Light is illuminated above Lower Manhattan in New York on the 21st anniversary of 9/11 on Sept. 11, 2022. (AP Photo/Julia Nikhinson) Germany's Stephan Leyhe soars through the air during the Four Hills ski jumping tournament in Bischofshofen, Austria, on Jan. 5, 2022. (AP Photo/Matthias Schrader) Nomadic women milk their hardy Himalayan goats that produce cashmere in the remote Kharnak village in the cold desert region of Ladakh, India, on Sept. 17, 2022. (AP Photo/Mukhtar Khan) A teacher dries out books at a school that was heavily damaged by Hurricane Ian in La Coloma, in the province of Pinar del Rio, Cuba, on Oct. 5, 2022. (AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa) Angelic Lemmon, a park ranger for Utah's Department of Natural Resources, walks across reef-like structures called microbialites, exposed by receding waters at the Great Salt Lake, on Sept. 28, 2022, near Salt Lake City. (AP Photo/Rick Bowmer) Firefighters and policemen evacuate an elderly woman from her house in Penteli, Greece, on July 19, 2022, after a large forest fire broke out northeast of Athens, fanned by high winds. (AP Photo/Thanassis Stavrakis) Medics treat a wounded girl at the al Najar hospital following an Israeli airstrike on their family building in Rafah, in the southern Gaza Strip, on Aug. 6, 2022. (AP Photo/Hatem Ali) A skinny dog named Propaganda sleeps next to a truck owned by Alfredo Rosales that used to move Colombian coal across the border to Venezuela, in San Juan de Colon, Venezuela, on Aug. 4, 2022. Rosales said he had a fleet of over 50 trucks before the border was partially closed by the Venezuelan government in 2015, but had to downsize to four trucks and sell the rest as scrap as the coal import business dropped. (AP Photo/Matias Delacroix) A youth suffering from cholera is helped upon arrival at a clinic run by Doctors Without Borders in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on Oct. 27, 2022. (AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa) A resident wounded in a Russian attack lies in an ambulance before being taken to a hospital in Kherson, Ukraine, on Nov. 24, 2022. (AP Photo/Bernat Armangue) Hand crew members walk in a line to battle a wildfire near Hemet, Calif., on Sept. 6, 2022. (AP Photo/Ringo H.W. Chiu) Britain's King Charles III, second right, Camilla, the Queen Consort, right, and Anne, Princess Royal, left, leave after paying their respects to Queen Elizabeth II in Westminster Hall while she lies in state, in London on Sept. 14, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti) A man steps into the frame asking the photographer to stop making photos as men carry a coffin during a funeral, in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on Oct. 21, 2022. (AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa) Peole walk through floodwaters after heavy rainfall in Hadeja, Nigeria, on Sept 19, 2022. Nigeria is battling its worst floods in a decade. (AP Photo) Ecuadorian migrants walk across the Darien Gap from Colombia into Panama, hoping to eventually reach the U.S., on Oct. 15, 2022. (AP Photo/Fernando Vergara) A supporter of former Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva holds a flag emblazoned with da Silva's face after results in the presidential run-off election were announced, in Sao Paulo, Brazil, on Oct. 30, 2022. Brazil's electoral authority said that da Silva defeated incumbent Jair Bolsonaro to become the country's next president. (AP Photo/Matias Delacroix) Catherine, 70, holds a candle in the window of her home during a power outage in Borodyanka, Kyiv region, Ukraine, on Oct. 20, 2022, two days after Russian airstrikes cut power and water supplies to hundreds of thousands of Ukrainians. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
  24. I would think a lot! They are already modifying this same process as a treatment for sickle cell anemia. I believe this is just the tip of the iceberg!
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